Climate mitigation for the land sector and forests should be implemented to incentivize non-annex 1 countries, and developed nations should finance these measures. The best way to provide incentives is for developed countries to commit to financing.
In the 2015 Paris COP there may be an agreement on forests and the land sector. However, before any agreement may be reached countries must come together and work towards goals that at least two thirds of countries may agree upon.
Climate mitigation should be viewed as a function of climate adaptation because of the synergy that is offered. The priority of the monitoring measures should be to ensure the sustainability of forest and agricultural lands. Monitoring systems that allow for credible measurement, reporting and verification of REDD+ activities are among the most critical elements for the successful implementation of any REDD+ mechanism. Monitoring of this mitigation and adaptation should include regulatory safeguards to protect safety and land use concerns. Guidelines must be common and basic.
Climate mitigation and adaptation are key to solving the problems that forests are facing. Since the 1992 COP in Rio, there have been many investments in natural resources. Forests around the world are facing extreme risks because of changes in climate, forest fires, and insects.
The Indonesian Negotiator, Prof. (Hon) Rachmat Witoelar noted, in his address during a high-level panel event on the land sector and forests, that REDD and REDD+ are a step toward a better quality of life. Nations must not only find a way to feed their people, but they must also develop communities, and preserve their forests. They must also create a sustainable livelihood in their rural communities.
The Russian Federation announced that it would support any accords to move towards sustainable forests, and agreed with many of the suggestions by state members in the high level panel. Norway is also ready to work in participation with other countries, to provide financing for REDD+ and work toward a 2015 agreement. While the Russian Federation, and Norway are ready, the United States of America believes that there should be no agreements until after 2020. The United State’s decision shows it is less likely to agree to any international implementation of a REDD+ program pre 2020. The United States is a supporter for REDD+, however they are concerned REDD+ results pre 2020 being used against future commitments.
All of the 30 countries participating in the high-level panel believed that forests and the land sector are critical components for mitigation and adaptation, because of the critical role they play play in reducing carbon. But many non-Annex 1 countries are faced with the need to develop in order to maintain and increase livelihood. Uganda, for example, recently released a National Forests Authority and listed forests as one of the key drivers of development.